Profile: Allan Rohan Crite (1910-2007)

Allan Rohan Crite was a Boston-based artist born in North Plainfield, New Jersey. He won several honors, such as the 350th Harvard University Anniversary Medal.

Personal life

Crite’s mother, Annamae, was a poet who encouraged her son to draw. He showed promise early, enrolling in the Children’s Art Centre at United South End Settlements in Boston and graduating from The English High School in 1929. Crite’s father was a doctor and engineer, one of the first black people at that time to have earned an engineering license.

Accepted at Yale, he instead went to the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, from which he graduated in 1936.

Crite later decided to attend Harvard Extension School, where he completed his studies, receiving an ALB in 1968. He was also awarded an honorary doctorate from Suffolk University in Boston.

Crite was among the few African-Americans ever employed by the Federal Arts Project. In 1940, he began a 30-year relationship with the Boston Naval Shipyard when he took a job as an engineering draftsman.

During his later years, Crite both lived and worked in the Allan Rohan Crite Research Institute at 410 Columbus Avenue in Boston’s South End.

He died of natural causes in his sleep at age 97.

Artwork

 

Crite hoped to depict the life of African-Americans living in Boston in a new and different way: as ordinary citizens or the “middle class” rather than stereotypical jazz musicians or sharecroppers. Through his art, he intended to tell the story of African Americans as part of the fabric of American society and its reality. By using representational style rather than modernism, Crite felt that he could more adequately “report” and capture the reality that African Americans were part of but often unaccounted for.

His paintings fall into two categories: religious themes and general African-American experiences with some reviewers adding a third category for work depicting Negro spirituals. Spirituals, he believed, expressed a certain humanity. Crite was a devout Episcopalian, and his religion-inspired many of his works. His 1946 painting Madonna of the Subway is an example of a blend of genres, depicting a Black Holy Mother and baby Jesus riding Boston’s Orange Line. Other pieces such as School’s Out (1936) reflect on the themes of community, family, society.

His work is recognizable to the use of rich earth tone colors. According to one biographer, his favorite color was “all colors” and his favorite time of year was “anything but winter.” According to one reviewer, “Crite’s oils and graphics, even when restricted to black and white, are bright in tonality, fine and varied in line, extremely rhythmic, dramatic in movement, and often patterned.”

Crite’s works hang in such major American art galleries as the Smithsonian, the Museum of Fine Arts, Grossman Library, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the Boston Athenaeum, to which he left a substantial collection upon his death in gratitude for his long tenure there as a visiting artist and which now holds the largest public collection of his paintings and watercolors.

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