The Civil War’s Black Soldiers

In June 1864, Congress finally authorized equal pay for all soldiers from January 1, 1864. But only African Americans free before the war could receive equal pay before then. The furor resumed. It took another nine months before Congress compensated all the victims of pay discrimination. Even the euphoria over the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which abolished slavery, did not remove all the sting from such blatant inequality.

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