BROWNSVILLE AFFRAY, 1906

In July 1906, the U.S. Army stationed three companies of the all-black Twenty-Fifth Infantry at Fort Brown, Texas, adjacent to Brownsville.  In recent years, southern Texas and the border region had seen periodic disturbances between American soldiers and local Chicanos who resented the military’s presence.  Soon after their arrival, black soldiers began complaining of police harassment and civilian discrimination. On the night of August 13, … Continue reading BROWNSVILLE AFFRAY, 1906

EL PASO SALT WAR, 1877

El Paso’s salt mines, located about a hundred miles east of the city, had long been used by local Indians and Chicanos.  In 1877, two local political factions struggled for control of the deposits; these were the so-called “Salt Ring” led by District Judge Charles Howard, the group that tried to gain private control of the mines, and the “Anti-Salt Ring” of Antonio Barajo and Luis Cardis, which opposed privatization.  Continue reading EL PASO SALT WAR, 1877

THE OMAHA COURTHOUSE LYNCHING OF 1919

The infamous Omaha Courthouse Lynching of 1919 was part of the wave of racial and labor violence that swept the United States during the “Red Summer” of 1919. It was witnessed by an estimated 20,000 people, making it one of the largest individual spectacles of racial violence in the nation’s history. The Great Migration brought tens of thousands of African Americans to northern industrial cities—including Omaha, Nebraska, which saw … Continue reading THE OMAHA COURTHOUSE LYNCHING OF 1919